Murano glass Nativity made with Gold green king
Lampworking and glassblowingtecnnique. 24 kts gold leaf inside glass.
Handmade in Murano, Venice Italy.
Lampworking is a type of glasswork where a torch or lamp isprimarily used to melt the glass. Once in a molten state, the glass is formedby blowing and shaping with tools and hand movements. It is also known asflameworking or torchworking, as the modern practice no longer uses oil-fueledlamps. Although lack of a precise definition for lampworking makes it difficultto determine when this technique was first developed, the earliest verifiablelampworked glass is probably a collection of beads thought to date to the fifthcentury BC. Lampworking became widely practiced in Murano, Italy in the 14thcentury. In the mid 19th century lampwork technique was extended to theproduction of paperweights, primarily in France, where it became a popular artform, still collected today. Lampworking differs from glassblowing in thatglassblowing uses a furnace as the primary heat source, although torches arealso used.
Early lampworking was done in the flame of an oil lamp, withthe artist blowing air into the flame through a pipe. Most artists today usetorches that burn either propane or natural gas, or in some countries butane,for the fuel gas, mixed with either air or pure oxygen as the oxidizer. Manyhobbyists use MAPP gas in portable canisters for fuel and some use oxygenconcentrators as a source of continuous oxygen.
Lampworking is used to create artwork, including beads,figurines, marbles, small vessels, Christmas tree ornaments, and much more. Itis also used to create scientific instruments as well as glass models of animaland botanical subjects.
Murano glass factory.
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